There is a strange counter. At the first second, it displays the number 3. Each second, the number displayed by decrements by 1 until it reaches 1. In next second, the timer resets to 2*the initial number for the prior cycle and continues counting down. The diagram below shows the counter values for each time t in the first three cycles:

Find and print the value displayed by the counter at time t.

**Function Description**

Complete the strangeCounter function in the editor below.

strangeCounter has the following parameter(s):

int t: an integer

**Returns**

int: the value displayed at time t

**Input Format**

A single integer, the value of t.

**Sample Input**

4

**Sample Output**

6

**Explanation**

Time t=4 marks the beginning of the second cycle. It is double the number displayed at the beginning of the first cycle:2*3=6. This is shown in the diagram in the problem statement.

## Strange Counter HackerRank Solution in C

#include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> #include <math.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main() { long long n,f=3; scanf("%lld",&n); while(n>f) n-=f,f*=2; printf("%lld\n",f-n+1); return 0; }

## Strange Counter HackerRank Solution in C++

#include <cmath> #include <cstdio> #include <vector> #include <iostream> #include <algorithm> using namespace std; int main() { long long cnt = 3; long long x; cin >> x; while(x > cnt) { x -= cnt; cnt *= 2; } cout << cnt - x + 1 << endl; return 0; }

## Strange Counter HackerRank Solution in Java

import java.io.*; import java.util.*; import java.text.*; import java.math.*; import java.util.regex.*; public class Solution { public static void main(String[] args) { Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in); long t = sc.nextLong(); long curr = 3; while (t > curr) { t -= curr; curr *= 2; } System.out.println(curr-t+1); } }

## Strange Counter HackerRank Solution in Python

# Enter your code here. Read input from STDIN. Print output to STDOUT t = int(raw_input()) phase = 3 while t > phase: t -= phase phase *= 2 print phase - t + 1

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Aayush Kumar Gupta is the founder and creator of ExploringBits, a website dedicated to providing useful content for people passionate about Engineering and Technology. Aayush has completed his Bachelor of Technology (Computer Science & Engineering) from 2018-2022. From July 2022, Aayush has been working as a full-time Devops Engineer.