User view and System view in Operating System

We can all understand the user view and the system view of the computer system by comparing it to any devices we use today such as smartphones, the smartphone is made for easy and simple to use, and that what’s make the device to reach the hands of common people functionality such as web browsing and smooth scrolling or the top-down menu charts are all made for providing value to the user and create more user satisfaction. Now the same example can be considered from the system point of view, here more value is provided to the system than user such as gaming smartphone where there are as many rams and memory and GPU to boost the performance of the smartphone to run the game smoothly but at the same time it makes the smartphone more weighted and battery to drain faster for the simple process also. This all is done for providing more value to the system.

Let’s understand more technical details. The computer system can be categorized mainly in four components – hardware, operating system, application program, and the user. The hardware is responsible for providing various resources such as memory and register or processing whenever the operating system demands and the operating system will only demand when the application programs that are developed by the software engineer are running on the operating system asking the operating system to demand more memory from the hardware.

The hardware and software consist of more of the system point of view where there is more stress on how the system is performing and if the system can allocate the desired resources efficiently and effectively. The application and user interface are more for the user’s point of view, where the user experience and user interface are given more importance. The look and feel of the application programs influence the user greatly. If we had not focused on the user’s point of view when the computer was improving from the system point of view, then there’s a possibility that might not have been an era of personal computing. Personal computers are existent because they are more dedicated to providing a better user view and making a computer system for the masses.

Let’s explore the two viewpoints of the operating system in more detail.

 

User View in Operating System

The user Viewpoint is all about how the user has to interact with the operating system with the help of various application programs and in the system point of view we will see how the hardware has to interact with the operating system for accomplishing the various tasks.

Single User View Point 

Most computer users operate their computer system with the help of a monitor, keyboard,  mouse, printer, etc. In such cases, the system is designed for maximizing the work output by one user. And therefore, more attention is given to ease of use and less attention to the allocation of resources. These systems are more designed for the single user experience and to fulfill the requirement from one user point of view where the performance is not given much focus as compared to multiple user systems.

Multiple User View Point 

The other example of the user viewpoints where both the importance of user experience and the performance is given is when there is one mainframe computer and the many users one their individual computers who are trying to communicate with their kernels through the mainframe to each other. In such a case the CPU, memory allocation has to be done effectively for good user experience. Another similar case is the client-server architecture, where many clients can communicate with each other with the help of a remote server and the same conditions of efficient use of the server resource will arise.

Handled User Viewpoint 

Also the era of the touchscreen has brought us the best handheld technology ever. And these smartphones are connected with wireless devices to each other therefore performing various functions but they are not as powerful as a computer interface thus limiting their functionality but their operating system is great examples for creating a device focused on the user’s point of view.

Embedded System User View Point 

Some systems even do not have a seeming user point of view such as embedded systems. The remote that you use for turning on or off the TV are all part of an embedded system where the electronic device interacts with the other application where the user viewpoint is not much but then also allows the user to interact with the application.

 

System View in Operating System

From the user point of view, we have discussed the various applications that involve greater to little user interaction. But in the system point of view, we are more focused on how the hardware has to interact with the operating system than the user. The hardware and the operating interact with each other for the various purpose some of them are

Resource allocation 

Many resources are present in the hardware such as register, cache, RAM, ROM, processors, I/O interaction, etc. These are all resources that are demanded by the operating system when it is asked by any application program. These resources allocation has to be done only by the operating system which has used many techniques and strategies such that it brings the most out of its processing and memory space. There are various techniques such as paging, virtual memory, caching, etc. that the operating system uses to make the best out of the hardware resources. And these are especially needed in a multiple user viewpoint because in that case the less resource allocation efficiency can also affect the user viewpoint causing the lag or hang of the user system, therefore decreasing the user experience.

Control Program

The control program is responsible for the interaction of Input and the output devices (hardware) with the operating system. The user may request some action that can only be completed with the I/O devices in that case the operating system has to have a proper method of communicating, controlling, error detection, and handling for such devices also.  

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